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5. Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR)

In the early 1970s, a time of immense political upheaval in Latin America, the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR) emerged as an alliance of leftist guerrilla organizations determined to challenge the status quo.

Comprised of the Chilean Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR), the Argentine People's Revolutionary Army (ERP), the Uruguayan Tupamaros, and the Bolivian National Liberation Army (ELN), the JCR sought to coordinate their efforts, envisioning a continent-wide revolution.

The idea of a unified, continent-wide front against imperialism and a coordinated struggle for revolutionary ideals was not new. For example, it held a special place in the heart of Che Guevara, who tragically died in Bolivia while attempting to initiate such a movement. The repression following Guevara's death dealt a significant blow to these emerging efforts, but many of these groups regrouped their initiatives in the early 1970s.


The alliance engaged in various activities to achieve their revolutionary objectives. They established a cadre school, La Escuela Internacional de Cuadros, to train their members and facilitate exchanges between militants. The JCR also published a political theory magazine, Che Guevara, which served as their official press organ, spreading their revolutionary message throughout the continent.

JCR's activities played a significant role in the shaping of Operation Condor, a clandestine and brutal campaign orchestrated by several South American military regimes to suppress perceived threats of left-wing movements. While the JCR's coordination was initially aimed at promoting solidarity among its member organizations, its existence provided the military forces with a pretext to justify their widespread repression.

A 1984 State Department memo on JCR


While the JCR ultimately faced a formidable foe, its legacy of resistance continues to inspire discussions about the pursuit of social justice and revolutionary ideals. 

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